Innovation in this modern century continues to grow as more ways are available to treat health concerns. If you can imagine back then, there are people who aren’t even able to get medicine at all. Moreover, different types of technology and better procedures in surgeries lessen the risks and challenges that come with it. A number of various types of surgeries from head to toe already suggests a push in medical and dental advancements. For people who are experiencing eye problems, how does a change in surgery procedures aid doctors? Know the different types of surgery for eyes if you are planning to get one soon.
What Causes Eyesight Problems?
Busy lifestyle in front of the computer, mobile phones, or other gadgets affects our eyes negatively. There are many common eye problems that people may get as they age. People with refractive eyes are experiencing problems in their cornea and retina. The refraction of the light needs to focus on the retina properly to give proper eyesight. Since a person’s retina is light sensitive, blurred vision is due to physical defects in the eyes. Birth defects such as enlarged pupils, iris, or other issues in the eyes can block the eyes. In addition, other health issues such as diabetes or accidents are possible reasons for eyesight issues. The types of surgery may vary to any individual depending on the cause of the eyesight problem.
Different Types Of Surgery Available
More patients will be glad to know that there are types of surgery according to their eye needs. Some may date as early as the 1960s but these are proven procedures. Consult your doctor about the best option to avoid further complications.
LASIK (laser in-situ keratomileusis)
LASIK is a new technology for surgical eye procedures. Laser technology is widely accepted in medical operations for non-intrusive and faster healing. LASIK surgery is commonly given to refractive eye problems. People who get LASIK benefit from not wearing contact lenses or glasses for their eye problems anymore. The procedure involves removing the tissue under the surface of the cornea. This operation helps reshape the cornea to reflect light properly. Specific issues that LASIK corrects are astigmatism, farsightedness, or nearsightedness.
When people age, cataract is usually a common eye problem. Clouds in the eyes cause blindness worldwide and are the leading issue as well. Though it is known that cataract is seen in old people, it can also happen at any time especially if it’s a birth defect. When a surgeon performs cataract surgery, the correction involves artificial eye lenses. This type of surgery is for people with dull and blurry vision.
PRK (Photorefractive keratectomy)
PRK or photorefractive keratectomy is traditional refractive surgery. Invented in the 1960s, this procedure corrects the cornea’s problems for light reflection. It is a procedure that involves removing cells on the surface of the cornea itself. You won’t experience intrusiveness in this surgery. A number of ophthalmologists prefer PRK than LASIK for many health concerns. Some patients may also find their eyes suitable for PRK surgery.
What To Expect During Your Eye Doctor’s Visit
Your doctor needs to diagnose the source of the eye problem before choosing the different types of surgery that can fix your eyes. It is best to prepare for your doctor’s visit by avoiding unhealthy habits for your eyes such as sleeping too late or being in front of a screen for too long. Proper health routine such as exercising and eating nutritious food will also help your body to prepare. Make sure to get the best eye health professional to diagnose the issue.