The eye is a critical organ of the human body. It has a special anatomy to perform the highly sophisticated function of vision. The human eye has multiple components, divided into three layers. The first layer entails the cornea: the transparent front part; and the sclera: the white opaque part. The second layer has –among other structures- the iris; the colored segment of your eye. Then, the last layer that contains the retina; the section having photosensitive structures that respond to light and consequently vision. The eye –being an outer exposed organ- is likely to get infected. Infections affect many structures of the eye and vary according to their cause, severity, and treatment. Different kinds of organisms can attack the eye; bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. Symptoms of eye infections differ and sometimes overlap, so consider seeking medical advice if you don’t feel well. Seek for eye specialist to raise your issue on whatever eye problem you are encounter, just like in your teeth we look for the dental specialist to fix your dental problems.
Anyhow, here are the most common symptoms of eye infections:
• Redness and itching.
• Gritty sensation in the eye.
• The discharge which may be watery in cases of viral infections or purulent with pus in bacterial infections.
• Crusty Eyelids.
The above-mentioned symptoms are most commonly seen in a condition called conjunctivitis which is infection and inflammation of the protective layer coating the sclera and the eyelid from the inside.
• Inability to tolerate the light. “Photosensitivity”.
• Foreign Body Sensation in the eye.
• Frequent Blinking.
• Swelling in the eyelids.
• Constant tear fall.
• Inflamed capillaries red lines’ in the sclera.
These symptoms occur mostly but not exclusively in cases of corneal infections “Keratitis” and other infections of the front part of the eye.
• A drop of the eyelid. “Ptosis”.
• The appearance of nodules or blisters on the eyelid or its margin.
Such symptoms are common with conditions affecting the eyelid.
And finally, a symptom that shouldn’t be taken lightly:
Most diseases that affect the retina and optic nerve “organs responsible for vision” are symptomless and cause no pain. The condition may only present with a slow long-term drop in the sharpness or quality of vision. This may be associated with dark spots in the field of vision or tiny little pigments appearing to be floating in a liquid. If you experience any of these symptoms, you should get your eyes examined to be accurately able to define the problem and treat it early.
In conclusion, eye infections are a wide category of variable diseases that affect different parts of the eye. They vary –among many other factors- according to the cause. Symptoms indicate there’s something going on and needs get checked.