Neurological eye conditions can broadly impact your vision and your daily life. Your eyes receive visual information; then optic nerves transmit it to your brain, which in turn interprets the information of the image seen. The brain also controls the eye focus and eye movements. Neuro-eye problems are vision complications that relate to the nervous system. These problems occur due to disorders of the central nervous system (brain and spine) or optic nerve. Research shows that most of the neurologic impairments manifest with ocular symptoms; this is because about a third of our brain is involved with vision processes in one way or another. View this link to dig deep into some of the common neuro-eye problems.
Optic neuritis is a condition where optic nerves inflame. The condition correlates with demyelinating diseases, which results in loss of the protective myelin layer that surrounds the optic nerve. It is associated with symptoms such as, dimming vision and painful eye movements which mainly affects one eye. The study shows, the recovery periods takes 3 to 5 weeks, with the majority of the patients attaining close to their normal visual acuity.
Ischemic Optic Neuropathy
Ischemic optic neuropathy occurs due to lack of sufficient and constant blood flow to the optic nerve. There are two categories of this condition;
- Temporal arteritis is a disease that mainly affects patients above 70 years and is associated with severe visual loss, headache, jaw pain, and scalp tenderness. This form mostly affects both eyes.
- Non-arteritis is associated with painless rapid visual loss. It mainly affects one eye and is more common with individuals above 60 years.
Patients who have suffered a stroke can lose full or half vision. Some patients suffer palinopsia, a condition where patients despite being blind in specific visual fields can see non-existing things. Also, they may experience a situation, where images on the left visual hemifield repeat on the right side.
Primary Glaucomatous Nerve Disease
Glaucomatous nerve disease has a deceptive loss of peripheral vision, and in severe cases, it can lead to total blindness. Typically, this complication does not show any symptoms until the late stages.